Puyallup, WA

Puyallup, Washington (Listeni/pjuːˈæləp/ pew-al-əp or /pjuːˈɔːləp/ pew-awl-əp) is a city in Pierce County, Washington about five miles (8 km) east of Tacoma. The population was 37,022 at the 2010 Census and the Washington State Office of Financial Management estimated the 2012 population at 37,620. Named after the Puyallup Tribe of Native Americans, Puyallup means “the generous people”.

History

Native Americans numbered about 2,000 in what is now the Puyallup Valley in the 1830s and 1840s. The first European settlers arrived in the 1850s. In 1877, Ezra Meeker platted a townsite and named it Puyallup after the local Puyallup Indian tribes. By the 1880s Puyallup had become a major hop growing region and more people flocked to the area. The town grew rapidly throughout the 1880s and the town was incorporated in 1890, the first mayor being Ezra Meeker. The turn of the 20th century brought change to the valley with the growth of nearby Tacoma and the interurban rail lines. The Western Washington Fairgrounds were developed giving local farmers a place to exhibit their crops and livestock. During the early part of World War II, the fairgrounds were part of Camp Harmony, a temporary Japanese American internmentcamp for more than 7,000 detainees, most of whom were American citizens. Subsequently, they were moved to the Minidoka relocation centernear Twin Falls, Idaho.[3]

Population

1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2012
312 297 868 1,884 4,554 6,323 7,094 7,889 12,063 14,742 18,251 23,878 33,011 37,022 37,620

Geography

Puyallup is located at 47°10′33″N 122°17′37″W (47.1757,-122.2936).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.2 square miles (31.6 km²), of which 12.1 square miles (31.4 km²) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) (1.65%) is water, mainly consisting of the Puyallup River estuary.

Puyallup is bordered largely by unincorporated Pierce County. The closest neighbors include the city of Sumner to the northeast, Fife and Edgewood to the north, Tacoma to the northwest, Summit and Midland to the west, South HillGraham and Frederickson to the south, McMillin and Orting to the southeast, and Alderton to the east.

Downtown and the valley neighborhoods of Puyallup could likely be damaged or destroyed in a moderate or large eruption of nearby Mount Rainier.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 33,011 people, 12,870 households, and 8,519 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,719.2 people per square mile (1,049.9/km²). There were 13,467 housing units at an average density of 1,109.3 per square mile (428.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.88% White, 1.50% African American, 1.01% Native American, 3.27% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 1.94% from other races, and 4.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.67% of the population.

There were 12,870 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.5% of which were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,269, and the median income for a family was $57,322. Males had a median income of $43,562 versus $27,281 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,401. About 4.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

The Valley

The valley in which Puyallup was originally settled is the town. Its fertile soil is optimal for the acres of daffodils which were grown for distribution world-wide, and are featured in the town’s annual spring parade. The Puyallup River meanders between the hills, through the glacial basin, from its name-sake glacier on Mt. Rainier, terminating in the Puget Sound at the Port of Tacoma. It is cold, silty, and brown. From most perspectives in the town of Puyallup, Mt. Rainier is visible to the south east.

Downtown Puyallup has several notable landmarks, including Ezra Meeker‘s mansion, which was built and inhabited by one of the town’s founding families, who made their way to Puyallup via the Oregon trail. The downtown shopping district is made up of historic buildings, which date to the town’s origin. Pioneer Park is a community focal point, which boasts a public library, a park with a playground, and walking paths. As the focal point of the park, there is a bronze statue honoring Ezra Meeker. A new element is the public stage by the public library. At the public stage local musicians put on a free show for the public. Southeast Puyallup is also where the Pierce County Foothills Trail begins.

Puyallup Fair

Puyallup is home to the Puyallup Fair, the largest annual privately run fair in Washington attracting over 1 million people a year. The Puyallup Fair is also one of the ten largest fairs in the country. The city itself is built around the Puyallup Fairgrounds and the fairgrounds can be seen prominently from neighboring South Hill. The fair traditionally runs for two weeks in September and one weekend in April (i.e., the “Spring Fair”). The fair serves as an anchor for unique local businesses and restaurants. “Do The Puyallup” has been a longstanding promotional slogan.

During World War II, the Puyallup Fairgrounds (i.e., The Puyallup Assembly Area) were used as an internment camp for United States citizens or residents of Japanese descent or origin that was called “Camp Harmony“.[5]

Daffodil Festival Parade

Puyallup also hosts and is origin of the annual four-part Daffodil Parade, which takes place every year in Tacoma, Puyallup, Sumner, and Orting.

The parade includes many groups and has many floats, most of which are covered in daffodils, or are themed in the daffodil season. Most of the local junior high and high school marching bands also march. Car clubs, veteran groups and also some businesses are a part of the parade.

Antique District

Puyallup is known for its myriad antiques stores, many of which are located next to each other on the main north-south street of Meridian. Puyallup is one of many cities and towns in Washington that contains an ‘old-fashioned’ downtown shopping area.

Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum

The Karshner Museum is the only K–12 teaching museum owned and operated by a school district west of the Mississippi. The essential education and curriculum-based program serves the Puyallup School District’s 20,000 K–12 student population. Since 1930, the Karshner Museum has provided hands-on and curriculum-based learning experiences to thousands of students through the museum visit program. The education trunk or “Discovery Kit” program has served students, teachers and community members since the 1970s. These Kits utilize real or replica artifacts for the purposes of bringing history, art and culture to life in the school classroom.

Arts Downtown Outdoor Gallery

Starting in 1995, the regional nonprofit organization Valley Arts United began working with local volunteers to support a rotating selection of outdoor public artwork. Consisting mostly of statuary dispersed about the downtown core, this collection has grown to a collection of about 32 permanent pieces. New works are added regularly.[6]

Farmers’ Market

Downtown Puyallup’s farmers’ market takes place every Saturday (9 a.m. to 2 p.m.) and Sunday (10 a.m to 2 p.m.) from early May to late October. Many locals gather to sell home-grown produce and plants, baked goods and crafts. The market is at Pioneer Park, in the modern pavilion building next to the library.

Education

The Puyallup School District has over 30 schools attended by 20,000+ students. The district is the ninth largest in Washington state, and extends to neighboring South Hill, some of Tacoma, and the Edgewood area.[7]

Puyallup is also home to Pierce College Puyallup, a community college that opened in 1990.

Source : Wikipedia 

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